Hotel Vicenza

History of Vicenza

History of Vicenza: Hotel Vicenza provides all information about the history of Vicenza

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History of Vicenza

 

 

Roman Origins

 

panorama dei berici

Vicentia, with pre-Romans origins, is named for the first time in 135 B.C and was settled by the Euganei then by the Palaeo-Veneti around the II-III century B.C.

Occupied by the Gauls for successive periods, the Romans conquered it afterwards in 157 B.C, the year when it was attached to Rome with the city name of Vicetia or Vincentia.

In 49 B.C Vincentia was declared a Roman city thanks to its strategic transitory position between Mediolanum and Aquileia. During the middle age, the city was destroyed by the Barbaric Heruls but recovered after the Ostrogoth conquest under the kingdom of Theodoric the Great one (493 -526) and then underwent a series of invasions by the Visigoths and later one by the Lombard.

In 899 Vicenza was destroyed by the Hungarian. In 1001, Vincentia was handed over the government of the city to the bishop to become a free commune in 1164. it took an active part in the foundation of the League with Verona and the Lombard League to fight against the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa who wanted to compel Padua and Treviso under his power.

 

Renaissance Period

 

piazza della basilica

From the XII to the XIV century, Vincentia underwent again few invasions but in 1404 it came under the rule of Venice which guaranteed it a peaceful and prosper period for few centuries.
The XVI century was the Artistic period for Vincentia and the time of Andrea Palladio who left for heritage his art with palaces and villas  such as the basilica, The Olympic Theatre, Chiericati Palace and so more… Its opera which spread everywhere in Europe, had been taken by the architect Vincenzo Scamozzi and others until the XVIII century.